A brief etymology of the collateral circulation.

It is also known that the protective capacity of collateral circulation falls short in many individuals with ischemic heart disease, brain and lower extremities. In the last 15 years, the opportunities created by molecular and genetic tools, together with disappointing results in many angiogenic trials, has led to a significant increase in the number of studies that focus on: understanding the basic biology of collateral circulation; identify the mechanisms that limit the capacity of collateral circulation in many individuals; formulate a method to measure the extent of collateral, which has been found to vary between individuals; and develop treatments to improve collateral blood flow in obstructive disease.

Unfortunately, accompanying this improvement has been a proliferation in the report vague term used to describe the unique circulation disposition and behavior, as well as the increasing abuse of a good shelter by the new (and old) students of collateral circulation. With this in mind, we provide a brief glossary of terms easily understood to indicate the formation, growth of adaptive and maladaptive refinement of collateral circulation.

We also propose terminology for some of the newly discovered process that occurs in the collateral circulation. Finally, we include a term used to describe a ship which is sometimes confused with the collateral, as well as terms describing an active process of arterial-venous circulation general when the conditions involving ischemic collateral circulation. We hope this brief review will help unify the terminology used in the study of collateral. Australia book lice by F.H.S. Roberts (1970) is a land-mark in Australia tick biology. But it is time for a new book and improved the lice from Australia.

This book has a guide to the identification and account of the biology and diseases associated with 16 species of lice that may take domestic animals and humans in Australia. This consists of five argasid (soft) tick: Argas persicus (fowl tick), Argas robertsi (Robert bird tick), Ornithodoros capensis (soft tick sea birds), O. gurneyi (kangaroo soft tick), Otobius megnini (spinose ear tick) ; and 11 ixodid (hard) ticks, Amblyomma triguttatum (kangaroo ornaments tick), Bothriocroton auruginans (wombat tick)

 A brief etymology of the collateral circulation.
A brief etymology of the collateral circulation.

ADReCS: ontology database to help standardize and hierarchical classification of terms of adverse drug reactions.

Adverse drug reaction (ADR) is a dangerous and unpredictable effects during normal drug therapy. They have caused a significant clinical burden and has been responsible for most of the failure of the development of new drugs. understanding the molecular and in silico drug evaluation (or candidate) safety in the laboratory and is therefore highly desirable, and unfortunately largely been eclipsed by the misuse of the term ADR.

The growing impact of bioinformatics and systems biology in toxicological studies also require special ADR-term system that works beyond simple glossary. Adverse Drug Reaction Classification System is a comprehensive database of ADR ontology that provides not only standardization but also hierarchical classification ADR ADR term.

Urea, suitable for molecular biology

GE1210-1 1
EUR 58

Urea, suitable for molecular biology

GE1210-1KG 1 kg
EUR 106.8

Urea, suitable for molecular biology

GE1210-500 500
EUR 33.1

Urea, suitable for molecular biology

GE1210-500G 500 g
EUR 76.8

2-Mercaptoethanol ?For Molecular Biology

MB041-100ML 1 unit
EUR 9.02
Description: 2-Mercaptoethanol ?For Molecular Biology

2-Mercaptoethanol ?For Molecular Biology

MB041-500ML 1 unit
EUR 26.47
Description: 2-Mercaptoethanol ?For Molecular Biology

RNase/DNase free water, for molecular biology (10 x 1.5ml)

Z-RNase/DNase-free-water n/a
EUR 62

Sodium chloride, suitable for molecular biology

GE0307-1 1
EUR 45.2

Sucrose, GlenBiol, suitable for molecular biology

GC3201-1KG 1 kg
EUR 90

Molecular Biology Grade Water for RT-PCR

ML065-1.5ML 1 unit
EUR 7.82
Description: Molecular Biology Grade Water for RT-PCR

Tris (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE237 500 g
EUR 106.8

Tris (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE238 1 kg
EUR 153.6

Tris (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE239 5 kg
EUR 535.2

Pyridine, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology with molecular sieve

GS8780-2500 2500
EUR 249.8

Sucrose, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GC3201-1 1
EUR 45.1

Formamide, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS9663-100 100
EUR 48.9

Pyridine, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS6659-2500 2500
EUR 240.3

Pyridine, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS6659-500 500
EUR 95.8

Dimethylformamide, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology with molecular sieve

GS3406-2500 2500
EUR 116.2

Agarose, low EEO, GlenBiol, suitable for molecular biology

GE6258-100G 100 g
EUR 217.2

DTT (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE131 5 g
EUR 93.6

DTT (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE132 10 g
EUR 133.2

DTT (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE133 25 g
EUR 243.6

NAD (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE196 1 g
EUR 72

NAD (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE197 5 g
EUR 165.6

NBT (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE209 1 g
EUR 123.6

NBT (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE210 5 g
EUR 360

Dimethylformamide, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS6580-2500 2500
EUR 107.3

DMSO, Molecular Biology Grade

40470006-1 100 mL
EUR 88.18

DMSO, Molecular Biology Grade

40470006-2 250 mL
EUR 150.19

DMSO, Molecular Biology Grade

40470006-3 500 mL
EUR 279.26

EGTA, Molecular Biology Grade

40500028-2 50 g
EUR 106.43

EGTA, Molecular Biology Grade

40500028-3 100 g
EUR 177.58

EGTA, Molecular Biology Grade

40500028-4 500 g
EUR 603.19

EGTA, Molecular Biology Grade

40500028-5 1 kg
EUR 912.98

EGTA, Molecular Biology Grade

40500028-6 2 kg
EUR 1687.94

BCIP (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE108 250 mg
EUR 75.6

BCIP (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE109 1 g
EUR 108

DAPI (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE117 5 mg
EUR 72

DAPI (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE118 25 mg
EUR 159.6

DAPI (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE119 100 mg
EUR 382.8

Water, distilled, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GK8512-1 1
EUR 60.1

Water, distilled, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GK8512-1L 1 l
EUR 92.4

Acetonitrile 50, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS0247-1 1
EUR 40.7

Acetonitrile 50, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS0247-2500 2500
EUR 61.3

Acetonitrile 10, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS0969-1 1
EUR 47

Acetonitrile 10, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS0969-2500 2500
EUR 73.9

Acetonitrile 30, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS8649-1 1
EUR 43.1

Acetonitrile 30, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS8649-2500 2500
EUR 66.5

CHAPS (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE114 1 g
EUR 66

CHAPS (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE115 5 g
EUR 157.2

CHAPS (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE116 25 g
EUR 492

HEPES (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE171 100 g
EUR 98.4

HEPES (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE172 500 g
EUR 268.8

HEPES (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE173 1 kg
EUR 424.8

Water (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE243 500 ml
EUR 62.4

Water (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE244 1 l
EUR 67.2

Molecular Biology Grade Water

ML024-100ML 1 unit
EUR 3.54
Description: Molecular Biology Grade Water

Molecular Biology Grade Water

ML024-10X100ML 1 unit
EUR 29.52
Description: Molecular Biology Grade Water

Molecular Biology Grade Water

ML024-10X500ML 1 unit
EUR 87.91
Description: Molecular Biology Grade Water

Molecular Biology Grade Water

ML024-500ML 1 unit
EUR 12.56
Description: Molecular Biology Grade Water

Molecular Biology Grade Water

ML064-100ML 1 unit
EUR 3.67
Description: Molecular Biology Grade Water

Molecular Biology Grade Water

ML064-10X100ML 1 unit
EUR 25.38
Description: Molecular Biology Grade Water

Molecular Biology Grade Water

ML064-500ML 1 unit
EUR 10.81
Description: Molecular Biology Grade Water

Phenol, (Carbolic acid) Double distilled for Molecular Biology

PD0252 500g
EUR 192.59

Ammonia solution, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS8853-100 100
EUR 91.2

Formamide deionized (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE145 500 ml
EUR 87.6

Formamide deionized (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE146 1 l
EUR 120

Agarose, low EEO, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GE6258-100 100
EUR 150.4

Agarose, low EEO, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GE6258-25 25
EUR 60.1

Agarose, Molecular Biology Grade

40100164-1 25 g Ask for price

Agarose, Molecular Biology Grade

40100164-2 50 g Ask for price

Agarose, Molecular Biology Grade

40100164-3 100 g Ask for price

Agarose, Molecular Biology Grade

40100164-4 500 g Ask for price

Agarose, Molecular Biology Grade

40100164-5 1 kg Ask for price

Glycine (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE158 1 kg
EUR 84

Glycine (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE159 5 kg
EUR 228

Tween20 (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE242 1 l
EUR 106.8

Agarose (Molecular Biology Grade)

abx299715-100g 100 µg Ask for price

Agarose (Molecular Biology Grade)

abx299715-20g 20 µg
EUR 525

Agarose (Molecular Biology Grade)

abx299715-50g 50 µg Ask for price

Lysozyme (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE188 1 g
EUR 70.8

Lysozyme (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE189 10 g
EUR 247.2

Lysozyme (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE189L 50 g
EUR 310

Lysozyme (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE189XL 250 g
EUR 1050

TRIS-Glycine Buffer 10X, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GE6710-1 1
EUR 67.9

TRIS-Glycine Buffer 10X, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GE6710-250 250
EUR 22.7

OORA00229-1L - Molecular Biology Grade UltraPure Water

OORA00229-1L 1L
EUR 149

OORA00230-1L - Molecular Biology Grade UltraPure Water

OORA00230-1L 1L
EUR 279

Tris-EDTA buffer solution (10X, suitable for molecular biology, pH 8.0)

GX7489-1 1
EUR 22.7

Tris-EDTA buffer solution (10X, suitable for molecular biology, pH 8.0)

GX7489-2500 2500
EUR 45.2

Tris-EDTA buffer solution (10X, suitable for molecular biology, pH 8.0)

GX7489-500 500
EUR 15.9

"10X PBS, Molecular Biology Grade"

ML023-100ML 1 unit
EUR 17.65
Description: "10X PBS, Molecular Biology Grade"

10X PBS, Molecular Biology Grade

ML023-500ML 1 unit
EUR 38.97
Description: 10X PBS, Molecular Biology Grade

"10X TBS, Molecular Biology Grade"

ML029-100ML 1 unit
EUR 19.04
Description: "10X TBS, Molecular Biology Grade"

"10X TBS, Molecular Biology Grade"

ML029-500ML 1 unit
EUR 40.48
Description: "10X TBS, Molecular Biology Grade"

10X TBS, Molecular Biology Grade

ML029-6X500ML 1 unit
EUR 138.56
Description: 10X TBS, Molecular Biology Grade

Tris - Hydrochloride (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE234 250 g
EUR 99.6

Tris - Hydrochloride (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE235 500 g
EUR 144

Tris - Hydrochloride (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE236 1 kg
EUR 223.2

OORA00218-100IU - DNA Ligase T4 Molecular Biology Grade

OORA00218-100IU 100Units
EUR 129

Tween 20, Molecular Biology Grade

T9100-010 100ml
EUR 86.4

Tween 20, Molecular Biology Grade

T9100-050 500ml
EUR 133.2

Tween 20, Molecular Biology Grade

T9100-100 1L
EUR 160.8

100mL Molecular Biology Grade - PK6

46-000-CI PK6
EUR 83.7

500mL Molecular Biology Grade - PK6

46-000-CV PK6
EUR 155.25

Agarose LE, Ultra-Pure Molecular Biology Grade, 100 g

41028-100G 100G
EUR 201
Description: N/A

Agarose LE, Ultra-Pure Molecular Biology Grade, 100 g

41028-100G-1 EA
EUR 201

Boric Acid, Molecular Biology Grade

40200060-1 500 g
EUR 46.16

Boric Acid, Molecular Biology Grade

40200060-2 1 kg
EUR 76.66

Boric Acid, Molecular Biology Grade

40200060-3 2.5 kg
EUR 145.5

D(+)-Sucrose (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE224 500 g
EUR 67.2

D(+)-Sucrose (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE225 1 kg
EUR 84

D(+)-Sucrose (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE226 5 kg
EUR 207.6

20xSSC, Molecular Biology Grade, pH7.0

TBS5033-1L 1L
EUR 67

OORA00218-100UNITS - DNA Ligase T4 Molecular Biology Grade

OORA00218-100UNITS 100Units
EUR 149

Glycerol 87 % (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE154 1 l
EUR 93.6

MOPS buffer (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE194 100 g
EUR 102

MOPS buffer (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE195 250 g
EUR 169.2

Agarose, Molecular Biology Grade, 100g

PC0701-100g each Ask for price

Agarose, Molecular Biology Grade, 1kg

PC0701-1kg each Ask for price

Agarose, Molecular Biology Grade, 500g

PC0701-500g each Ask for price

TRIS-Glycine-SDS Buffer 10X, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GE9118-1 1
EUR 75.3

TRIS-Glycine-SDS Buffer 10X, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GE9118-250 250
EUR 30.1

Dimethylsulfoxide (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE120 100 ml
EUR 66

Dimethylsulfoxide (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE121 500 ml
EUR 110.4

3-Methylbutan-1-ol, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS6015-100 100
EUR 74.5

3-Methylbutan-1-ol, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS6015-500 500
EUR 301.4

OORA00219-v1 - DNA Ligase T4 Molecular Biology Grade (500units)

OORA00219-v1 500units
EUR 375

Di-iso-propylethylamine, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS7181-100 100
EUR 143.3

Di-iso-propylethylamine, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS7181-500 500
EUR 474.2

Cesium Chloride, Molecular Biology Grade

40300060-1 50 g
EUR 45.77

Water, Ultrapure Molecular Biology Grade

41024-4L 4L
EUR 79
Description: N/A

Water, Ultrapure Molecular Biology Grade

41024-4L-1 EA
EUR 79

Bis-Acrylamid (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE110 50 g
EUR 94.8

Bis-Acrylamid (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE111 250 g
EUR 259.2

Sodium chloride (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE205 500 g
EUR 62.4

Sodium chloride (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE206 1 kg
EUR 70.8

Sodium chloride (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE207 5 kg
EUR 123.6

1L Molecular Biology Grade Water - PK6

46-000-CM PK6
EUR 221.4

Lithium Chloride, Molecular Biology Grade

41200036-1 100 g
EUR 41.7

Lithium Chloride, Molecular Biology Grade

41200036-2 500 g
EUR 108.38

Ammonium sulfate (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE105 250 g
EUR 55.2

Ammonium sulfate (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE106 1 kg
EUR 72

Ammonium sulfate (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE107 5 kg
EUR 153.6

ADR term pre-assigned with a unique digital ID and at the same time are also arranged in a hierarchical tree ADR four levels to build relationships ADR-ADR. Currently, the database includes the standard 6544 and 34 796 ADR terms synonymously. It also combines information from a single 1355 134 022 drug active ingredient and drug-ADR pairs. In short, ADReCS offers opportunity for direct calculation in terms of ADR and also provides instructions for common features underlying mining ADR.