Of what use is connectomics? A personal perspective on the Drosophila connectome.

The brain is a network of neurons and the output is the biological behavior. This is an interesting age, with a growing recognition that a comprehensive compilation of synaptic circuits in the brains reconstructed solid model species now both technologically feasible and scientific possibilities allows in neurobiology, as many as 30 years ago genomics in molecular biology and genetics.

Implemented by major advances in electron microscope technology, primarily focused ion beam-scanning electron microscope (FIB-SEM) milling (see Glossary), image capture and alignment, and the reconstruction of computer aided morphology of neurons, great progress has been made in the last decade in detailed knowledge of the actual synaptic circuit formed by real neurons, in various brain regions fly Drosophila it is useful to distinguish a large synaptic pathways, with 100 or more presynaptic contacts, of them are small, with less than about 10; Most neurites both presynaptic and postsynaptic, and all synaptic sites have some postsynaptic dendrites.

Drosophila has pioneered work in progress because the number of cells administered, and the class of discrete neurons morphologically and genetically identified, many confirmed by journalists. The latest advances are destined in the next few years to reveal the full connectome in an adult flies, parallel progress in the larval brain which offer the same prospect might be in a shorter period of time.

Final changes and validation segmented bodies with evidence of human-reader remains the most time-consuming step, however. The value of the full connectome in Drosophila is that, by targeting neurons for specific transgene either stationary or morphology identified to enable the circuit, and then identify the resulting behavioral outcomes, we can determine the causal mechanism for the behavior of the loss or gain. More importantly, connectome express lanes hitherto unexpected, leads us to look for this new behavior.

Circuit information eventually will be necessary to understand how the difference between the underlying brain differences in behavior, and especially for connectomic strategy herald yet more sophisticated vertebrate brains, with the prospect of finally understanding the cognitive problems have connectomic basis. Connectomes also helps us to identify common synaptic circuits in the different species and thus to reveal the evolution in the path candidate.

 Of what use is connectomics? A personal perspective on the Drosophila connectome.
Of what use is connectomics? A personal perspective on the Drosophila connectome.

The basic concept of the Related Molecular Biology Genetics and epigenetics.

The observation that “one size does not fit all” for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease, among other ailments, has been pushing the concept of precision medicine. The goal of treatment is to provide the precision of the best-targeted interventions tailored to the individual genome.

The human genome sequence is composed of billions of agreements containing a code that controls how genes are expressed. This code depends on other nonstatic regulator that surround DNA and the epigenome. In addition, environmental factors also play an important role in the regulation of this complex. This review provides a general perspective on the basic concepts of molecular biology related to genetics and epigenetics and a list of key terms.

Casein, for Molecular Biology

MB279-500G 1 unit
EUR 387.65
Description: Casein, for Molecular Biology

Urea, suitable for molecular biology

GE1210-1 1
EUR 58

Urea, suitable for molecular biology

GE1210-1KG 1 kg
EUR 106.8

Urea, suitable for molecular biology

GE1210-500 500
EUR 33.1

Urea, suitable for molecular biology

GE1210-500G 500 g
EUR 76.8

2-Mercaptoethanol ?For Molecular Biology

MB041-100ML 1 unit
EUR 9.02
Description: 2-Mercaptoethanol ?For Molecular Biology

2-Mercaptoethanol ?For Molecular Biology

MB041-500ML 1 unit
EUR 26.47
Description: 2-Mercaptoethanol ?For Molecular Biology

Sodium chloride, suitable for molecular biology

GE0307-1 1
EUR 45.2

Sucrose, GlenBiol, suitable for molecular biology

GC3201-1KG 1 kg
EUR 90

Molecular Biology Grade Water for RT-PCR

ML065-1.5ML 1 unit
EUR 7.82
Description: Molecular Biology Grade Water for RT-PCR

Pyridine, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology with molecular sieve

GS8780-2500 2500
EUR 249.8

DTT (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE131 5 g
EUR 93.6

DTT (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE132 10 g
EUR 133.2

DTT (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE133 25 g
EUR 243.6

NAD (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE196 1 g
EUR 72

NAD (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE197 5 g
EUR 165.6

NBT (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE209 1 g
EUR 123.6

NBT (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE210 5 g
EUR 360

Sucrose, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GC3201-1 1
EUR 45.1

DMSO, Molecular Biology Grade

40470006-1 100 mL
EUR 88.18

DMSO, Molecular Biology Grade

40470006-2 250 mL
EUR 150.19

DMSO, Molecular Biology Grade

40470006-3 500 mL
EUR 279.26

EGTA, Molecular Biology Grade

40500028-2 50 g
EUR 106.43

EGTA, Molecular Biology Grade

40500028-3 100 g
EUR 177.58

EGTA, Molecular Biology Grade

40500028-4 500 g
EUR 603.19

EGTA, Molecular Biology Grade

40500028-5 1 kg
EUR 912.98

EGTA, Molecular Biology Grade

40500028-6 2 kg
EUR 1687.94

BCIP (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE108 250 mg
EUR 75.6

BCIP (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE109 1 g
EUR 108

DAPI (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE117 5 mg
EUR 72

DAPI (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE118 25 mg
EUR 159.6

DAPI (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE119 100 mg
EUR 382.8

Tris (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE237 500 g
EUR 106.8

Tris (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE238 1 kg
EUR 153.6

Tris (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE239 5 kg
EUR 535.2

Pyridine, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS6659-2500 2500
EUR 240.3

Pyridine, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS6659-500 500
EUR 95.8

Formamide, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS9663-100 100
EUR 48.9

CHAPS (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE114 1 g
EUR 66

CHAPS (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE115 5 g
EUR 157.2

CHAPS (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE116 25 g
EUR 492

HEPES (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE171 100 g
EUR 98.4

HEPES (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE172 500 g
EUR 268.8

HEPES (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE173 1 kg
EUR 424.8

Water (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE243 500 ml
EUR 62.4

Water (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE244 1 l
EUR 67.2

Molecular Biology Grade Water

ML024-100ML 1 unit
EUR 3.54
Description: Molecular Biology Grade Water

Molecular Biology Grade Water

ML024-10X100ML 1 unit
EUR 29.52
Description: Molecular Biology Grade Water

Molecular Biology Grade Water

ML024-10X500ML 1 unit
EUR 87.91
Description: Molecular Biology Grade Water

Molecular Biology Grade Water

ML024-500ML 1 unit
EUR 12.56
Description: Molecular Biology Grade Water

Molecular Biology Grade Water

ML064-100ML 1 unit
EUR 3.67
Description: Molecular Biology Grade Water

Molecular Biology Grade Water

ML064-10X100ML 1 unit
EUR 25.38
Description: Molecular Biology Grade Water

Molecular Biology Grade Water

ML064-500ML 1 unit
EUR 10.81
Description: Molecular Biology Grade Water

Agarose, Molecular Biology Grade

40100164-1 25 g Ask for price

Agarose, Molecular Biology Grade

40100164-2 50 g Ask for price

Agarose, Molecular Biology Grade

40100164-3 100 g Ask for price

Agarose, Molecular Biology Grade

40100164-4 500 g Ask for price

Agarose, Molecular Biology Grade

40100164-5 1 kg Ask for price

Glycine (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE158 1 kg
EUR 84

Glycine (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE159 5 kg
EUR 228

Tween20 (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE242 1 l
EUR 106.8

Agarose (Molecular Biology Grade)

abx299715-100g 100 µg Ask for price

Agarose (Molecular Biology Grade)

abx299715-20g 20 µg
EUR 525

Agarose (Molecular Biology Grade)

abx299715-50g 50 µg Ask for price

Lysozyme (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE188 1 g
EUR 70.8

Lysozyme (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE189 10 g
EUR 247.2

Lysozyme (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE189L 50 g
EUR 310

Lysozyme (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE189XL 250 g
EUR 1050

OORA00229-1L - Molecular Biology Grade UltraPure Water

OORA00229-1L 1L
EUR 149

OORA00230-1L - Molecular Biology Grade UltraPure Water

OORA00230-1L 1L
EUR 279

Dimethylformamide, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology with molecular sieve

GS3406-2500 2500
EUR 116.2

"10X PBS, Molecular Biology Grade"

ML023-100ML 1 unit
EUR 17.65
Description: "10X PBS, Molecular Biology Grade"

10X PBS, Molecular Biology Grade

ML023-500ML 1 unit
EUR 38.97
Description: 10X PBS, Molecular Biology Grade

"10X TBS, Molecular Biology Grade"

ML029-100ML 1 unit
EUR 19.04
Description: "10X TBS, Molecular Biology Grade"

"10X TBS, Molecular Biology Grade"

ML029-500ML 1 unit
EUR 40.48
Description: "10X TBS, Molecular Biology Grade"

10X TBS, Molecular Biology Grade

ML029-6X500ML 1 unit
EUR 138.56
Description: 10X TBS, Molecular Biology Grade

Agarose, low EEO, GlenBiol, suitable for molecular biology

GE6258-100G 100 g
EUR 217.2

OORA00218-100IU - DNA Ligase T4 Molecular Biology Grade

OORA00218-100IU 100Units
EUR 129

Tween 20, Molecular Biology Grade

T9100-010 100ml
EUR 86.4

Tween 20, Molecular Biology Grade

T9100-050 500ml
EUR 133.2

Tween 20, Molecular Biology Grade

T9100-100 1L
EUR 160.8

Dimethylformamide, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS6580-2500 2500
EUR 107.3

100mL Molecular Biology Grade - PK6

46-000-CI PK6
EUR 83.7

500mL Molecular Biology Grade - PK6

46-000-CV PK6
EUR 155.25

Boric Acid, Molecular Biology Grade

40200060-1 500 g
EUR 46.16

Boric Acid, Molecular Biology Grade

40200060-2 1 kg
EUR 76.66

Boric Acid, Molecular Biology Grade

40200060-3 2.5 kg
EUR 145.5

D(+)-Sucrose (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE224 500 g
EUR 67.2

D(+)-Sucrose (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE225 1 kg
EUR 84

D(+)-Sucrose (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE226 5 kg
EUR 207.6

20xSSC, Molecular Biology Grade, pH7.0

TBS5033-1L 1L
EUR 67

Water, distilled, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GK8512-1 1
EUR 60.1

Water, distilled, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GK8512-1L 1 l
EUR 92.4

Acetonitrile 50, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS0247-1 1
EUR 40.7

Acetonitrile 50, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS0247-2500 2500
EUR 61.3

Acetonitrile 10, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS0969-1 1
EUR 47

Acetonitrile 10, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS0969-2500 2500
EUR 73.9

Acetonitrile 30, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS8649-1 1
EUR 43.1

Acetonitrile 30, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS8649-2500 2500
EUR 66.5

OORA00218-100UNITS - DNA Ligase T4 Molecular Biology Grade

OORA00218-100UNITS 100Units
EUR 149

Formamide deionized (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE145 500 ml
EUR 87.6

Formamide deionized (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE146 1 l
EUR 120

RNase/DNase free water, for molecular biology (10 x 1.5ml)

Z-RNase/DNase-free-water n/a
EUR 62

Glycerol 87 % (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE154 1 l
EUR 93.6

MOPS buffer (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE194 100 g
EUR 102

MOPS buffer (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE195 250 g
EUR 169.2

Agarose, Molecular Biology Grade, 100g

PC0701-100g each Ask for price

Agarose, Molecular Biology Grade, 1kg

PC0701-1kg each Ask for price

Agarose, Molecular Biology Grade, 500g

PC0701-500g each Ask for price

Ammonia solution, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS8853-100 100
EUR 91.2

Dimethylsulfoxide (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE120 100 ml
EUR 66

Dimethylsulfoxide (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE121 500 ml
EUR 110.4

Agarose, low EEO, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GE6258-100 100
EUR 150.4

Agarose, low EEO, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GE6258-25 25
EUR 60.1

TritonX-100 (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE240 500 ml
EUR 67.2

TritonX-100 (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE241 1 l
EUR 79.2

OORA00219-v1 - DNA Ligase T4 Molecular Biology Grade (500units)

OORA00219-v1 500units
EUR 375

Cesium Chloride, Molecular Biology Grade

40300060-1 50 g
EUR 45.77

Water, Ultrapure Molecular Biology Grade

41024-4L 4L
EUR 79
Description: N/A

Water, Ultrapure Molecular Biology Grade

41024-4L-1 EA
EUR 79

Bis-Acrylamid (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE110 50 g
EUR 94.8

Bis-Acrylamid (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE111 250 g
EUR 259.2

Sodium chloride (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE205 500 g
EUR 62.4

Sodium chloride (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE206 1 kg
EUR 70.8

Sodium chloride (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE207 5 kg
EUR 123.6

1L Molecular Biology Grade Water - PK6

46-000-CM PK6
EUR 221.4

Lithium Chloride, Molecular Biology Grade

41200036-1 100 g
EUR 41.7

Lithium Chloride, Molecular Biology Grade

41200036-2 500 g
EUR 108.38

Ammonium sulfate (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE105 250 g
EUR 55.2

Ammonium sulfate (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE106 1 kg
EUR 72

Ammonium sulfate (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE107 5 kg
EUR 153.6

SSC Buffer (20X) (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE229 1 l
EUR 86.4

Glycerol waterfree (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE155 500 ml
EUR 78

Glycerol waterfree (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE156 1 l
EUR 102

Glycerol waterfree (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE157 2.5 l
EUR 170.4

Tris - Hydrochloride (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE234 250 g
EUR 99.6

Tris - Hydrochloride (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE235 500 g
EUR 144

Tris - Hydrochloride (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE236 1 kg
EUR 223.2

XTT sodium salt (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE250 100 mg
EUR 208.8

XTT sodium salt (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE251 500 mg
EUR 612

OORA00219-500UNITS - DNA Ligase T4 Molecular Biology Grade (500units)

OORA00219-500UNITS 500Units
EUR 329

NADP - sodium salt (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE200 250 mg
EUR 92.4

NADP - sodium salt (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE201 1 g
EUR 190.8

Guanidine Thiocyanate (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE164 100 g
EUR 86.4

Guanidine Thiocyanate (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE165 500 g
EUR 192

Guanidine Thiocyanate (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE166 1 kg
EUR 307.2

NADH - Disodium salt (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE198 1 g
EUR 91.2

NADH - Disodium salt (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE199 5 g
EUR 244.8

Agarose Powder 100g -Molecular Biology Grade

MB755-0100 100 g
EUR 46

Agarose Powder 500g -Molecular Biology Grade

MB755-0500 500 g
EUR 184

Guanidine - Hydrochloride (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE160 100 g
EUR 93.6

Guanidine - Hydrochloride (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE161 250 g
EUR 153.6

Guanidine - Hydrochloride (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE162 500 g
EUR 232.8

Guanidine - Hydrochloride (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE163 1 kg
EUR 352.8

D(+)-Glucose waterfree (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE148 500 g
EUR 67.2

D(+)-Glucose waterfree (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE149 1 kg
EUR 75.6

D(+)-Glucose waterfree (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE150 5 kg
EUR 180

Yeast extract powder (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE169 500 g
EUR 133.2

Yeast extract powder (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE170 1000g
EUR 188

3-Methylbutan-1-ol, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS6015-100 100
EUR 74.5

3-Methylbutan-1-ol, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS6015-500 500
EUR 301.4

Di-iso-propylethylamine, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS7181-100 100
EUR 143.3

Di-iso-propylethylamine, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS7181-500 500
EUR 474.2

TRIS-Glycine Buffer 10X, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GE6710-1 1
EUR 67.9

TRIS-Glycine Buffer 10X, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GE6710-250 250
EUR 22.7

Hyaluronidase Grade I (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE174 1 g
EUR 232.8

Hyaluronidase Grade I (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE175 5 g
EUR 920.4

NADPH - Tetrasodium salt (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE202 25 mg
EUR 70.8

NADPH - Tetrasodium salt (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE203 100 mg
EUR 126

NADPH - Tetrasodium salt (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE204 500 mg
EUR 374.4

Tris-EDTA buffer solution (10X, suitable for molecular biology, pH 8.0)

GX7489-1 1
EUR 22.7

Tris-EDTA buffer solution (10X, suitable for molecular biology, pH 8.0)

GX7489-2500 2500
EUR 45.2

Tris-EDTA buffer solution (10X, suitable for molecular biology, pH 8.0)

GX7489-500 500
EUR 15.9

Ammonium acetate 5M solution, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GX2678-1 1
EUR 271.2

Ammonium acetate 5M solution, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GX2678-250 250
EUR 90.4

Ammonium acetate 7.5M solution, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GX5459-1 1
EUR 271.2

Ammonium acetate 7.5M solution, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GX5459-250 250
EUR 90.4

N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone, GlenBiol™, suitable for molecular biology

GS5724-2500 2500
EUR 126.3

Albumin fraction V (pH7,0) (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE100 50 g
EUR 128.4

Albumin fraction V (pH7,0) (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE101 100 g
EUR 193.2

Albumin fraction V (pH7,0) (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE102 250 g
EUR 387.6

Albumin fraction V (pH7,0) (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE103 500 g
EUR 656.4

Albumin fraction V (pH7,0) (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE104 1 kg
EUR 1162.8

EDTA - Dinatriumsalz - Dihydrat (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE135 250 g
EUR 72

EDTA - Dinatriumsalz - Dihydrat (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE136 500 g
EUR 86.4

EDTA - Dinatriumsalz - Dihydrat (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE137 1 kg
EUR 124.8

EDTA - Dinatriumsalz - Dihydrat (Molecular Biology Grade)

CE138 5 kg
EUR 418.8

Some examples are given polymorphism and genetic risk score associated with cardiovascular risk.Likewise, presented an overview of the major epigenetic regulators, including the methylation of DNA, proteins methylcytosine-phosphate-guanine-binding, histone modifications, other histone regulation, micro-RNA effects, and regulators appear additional.